In My Opinion
The Light of the Spirit
An ancient story leads us to five laws that, if we heed them, will lead us to the goal of life
By Dada J.P. Vaswani
After the sage is received with due respect by the king, he begins, “Tell me, O King, what is the light whereby a man lives and moves and works and walks and finally to his home returns?” Raja Janaka replies readily, “O Gurudeva, the light by which all men live and move, the light by which they work and walk and then to their homes return is the light of the sun!”
The rishi smiles. “When the sun has set, what is the light whereby men live and move and work and walk and then to their homes return?” The king replies, “When the sun has set, men must live and move, work and walk and then to their homes return by the light of the moon.”
“And what if the sun and the moon have both disappeared?” queries the rishi. “Then, men must live and move and work and walk by the light of the fire,” says the king.
“When the light of the sun, the moon and the fire have all gone out,” continues the rishi, “what is the light by which men can live and move and work and walk and to their homes return?” The king is puzzled. He has no ready answer and begs the rishi to enlighten him.
Rishi Yajnavalkya gives Raja Janaka the teaching I believe is the message of the Hindu faith to modern civilization: “When all external light has gone out—when the sun does not shine, when the moon does not radiate and the fire is put out—there is still one light that shines. It is the light of the atman, the light of the Spirit. It is by this, the light of all lights, that the sun shines, the moon is radiant and the fire is aglow. It is this light by which man must live and work and walk and to his eternal home return.”
The light of the atman, the Self, the Spirit: it was around this that our glorious culture was built in ancient India. This culture was known as atma vidya, the science of the spirit. For spirituality too, is a science; it concerns the discovery of the one Self in all. Spirituality makes us raise the fundamental question: What is man? Or, to put it more personally, what am I? It is this self-knowledge that the Hindu faith leads us to seek.
There are five laws of atma vidya, which every individual and every nation must obey if we are to reach the goal of life. The first is what I would describe as the law of the seed: as you sow, so you shall reap. The second is the law of the wheel. This law of reincarnation emphasizes a cardinal Hindu doctrine: the body dies, but the soul does not die. The law of the seed and the law of the wheel are intertwined. We must face the consequences of our actions, and our karma will be carried forward from birth to birth until we become wise enough to end all karma.
When we accept the second law, the question arises: how long shall we keep whirling on this wheel of birth and death? How may we seek liberation from this wheel? Therefore, we come upon the third law, of nidhyasana, assimilation: you must assimilate the teachings you have been given into your daily life.
The fourth is the law of reverence, shraddha. The essence of the Vedas, what we call Vedanta, teaches us that there is but One Life in all!
Fifth is the law of yajna, sacrifice. Krishna says to his dear, devoted disciple Arjuna: “Whatever you do, whatever you give in charity, whatever austerity you practice, do it as an offering unto me!” This is true yajna: to make your entire life an offering to the Lord. Sacrifice your ego-self, sacrifice your desire, and do whatever you do for the love of God.
(Dada J.P. Vaswani is the spiritual head of Sadhu Vaswani Mission, Pune, India.)
Guru Vandana in CaliforniaSince 2005 the Hindu Swayam Sevak Sangh in Californiahas held an annual Guru Vandana, or Teacher's Appreciation day. In June, 2011, 15 teachers participated and were delighted, with tears in their eyes, to have their feet touched and tilak applied by Hindu teens and young children. The kids were thrilled to express appreciation to those who have worked so hard to help them learn.
US Hindu MissionIn December 2011 Vishwa Niketan, a school for poor children, opened in Bangladesh, funded by a US non-profit, International Gita Society (IGS). IGS was founded in 1984 by Dr. Ramanananda Prasad, retired US Navy official and professor at San Jose State University. To date the IGS has distributed over 100,000 copies of the Bhagavad Gita worldwide. It is one of several new initiatives by Hindus in the United States to strengthen Hindu communities in the lands of their roots.
Sanskrit Is Well Down UnderStudents of Australia's Sydney sanskrit school are not just studying Sanskrit, they are conversing in the language. Five years after being founded, the school is growing in numbers. Its annual Samskrutotsavam, literally "Sanskrit festival," held in November 2011 at the Dundas Community Centre, was a huge success. All the performances and many keynote speeches were voiced in Sanskrit. Shri Cha Mu Krishna Shastry, the founder of Samskrita Bharati, an organization advocating the revival of spoken Sanskrit, was invited as the guest of honor from India. See samskritabharati.in and www.samskritabharatiusa.org for information on this growing movement. The mission targets this vision: "Revival of Sanskrit as a mass communication language and facilitation of common man's access to its vast knowledge treasure. To attain social harmony and national integration by taking Sanskrit to the masses, regardless of caste and creed." Hindus in Australia are taking giant steps toward fulfill these goals.
Honoring Swami VivekanandaIndia declared Swami VivekAnanda's birthday a National Youth Day in 1984. This year was his 150th birth anniversary. On January 12, 2012, the Swarna Bhoomi Gurukulam School in the Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu staged a special tribute to honor the Hindu leader and his noble values as a source of inspiration. Dressed as Swami Vivekananda, 370 students from kindergarten to standard 10 stood in his "most famous and attractive posture" for fifteen minutes. The student body received two world records for their feat, one for the most people dressed up like Swami Vivekananda and a second for the most people to stand in the same posture for 15 minutes without moving.
Education and Religious Discrimination in PakistanIn November 2011 the US Commission on International Religious Freedom released an unusual study, “Connecting the Dots: Education and Religious Discrimination in Pakistan,” as part of its work to monitor the rise of religious extremism in that country. The study was conducted by the International Center for Religion & Diplomacy (ICRD) in Washington, DC, in partnership with Paksitan’s own Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) in Islamabad.
According to the study, despite Pakistan’s constitutional mandate to protect members of all faiths, its education system was infused with rigid Islamic content by General Zia-Ul Haq. In 1979, he set policy to “reorganize curriculum content around Islamic thought so that Islamic ideology permeates the thinking of the younger generation and helps them with the necessary conviction and ability to refashion society according to Islamic tenets.” In 2006, the government of Pakistan took steps toward reform, including efforts to reverse educational Islamization. But there has been little progress. Incidents of violence against minorities—Hindus, Christians and Ahmadi Muslims (a peaceful, modern reformist sect of Islam)—continue on a regular basis. The study constituted an effort to better understand the situation and help define remedies.
ICRD and SDPI reviewed more than 100 textbooks from grades 1 to 10 from all of Pakistan’s four provinces. In addition they interviewed 277 students and teachers from 37 public middle and high schools and 226 students and teachers from 19 madrassas (religious schools).
The report states, “The results are eye-opening and concerning. Hindus were described in especially negative terms, and references to Christians were often inaccurate and offensive. A majority of students viewed non-Muslims as the enemies of Islam. This is particularly troubling in light of the fact that nearly all students considered jihad (the violent form) to be obligatory.” Search ”Connecting the Dots” at www.uscirf.gov.
Hindu Murtis from ChinaChina's legendary power of securing market share by manufacturing replicas of products originally designed and produced in other countries have recently turned to India. China Willken Arts and Crafts Ltd. in Xiamen has mastered the craft of inexpensive polyresin religious statues. A couple of years ago they introduced Ganesha and Buddha for auto dashboards. They sold well. Realizing the potential, the company extended the offering to include larger statues meant for puja rooms. Today their Hindu God Statues line has more than 500 images.
The manufacturer has done their homework. Even statues of saints like Baba Loknath, Shirdi Sai Baba and Ramakrishna Paramahamsa have gone into production and sale. A minimum order is 500 pieces. During India's festival season they arrive in container loads at Kolkata. Indian distributors say they are hand finished by Chinese households, inexpensive, can be sold for low prices and don't threaten local craftsmen because Indians don't make this type of statue. See: www.alibaba.com/member/dongqiujing.html
UNESCO Protects My SonIn 1999 unesco designated the My Son sanctuary in Vietnam a World Heritage site. This is good news for Hindus, who can now rest assured that this treasure will be preserved. The site represents an ancient settlement and sanctuary area; eight groups of tower temples have been singled out. All are constructed in fired brick with stone pillars.
The Hindu architecture of Cambodia and Indonesia are well known, but not many know that a Hindu kingdom also reigned along the Vietnamese coast from the 4th to the 13th centuries. My Son, a small valley flanked by mountains, was the capital and religious center of the Champa Kingdom, which originated in 192 ce and was deeply influenced by the Saiva Agama tradition. Between the sixth and tenth centuries, fine temples were built for Krishna and Vishnu, but above all for Siva. Champa was eventually absorbed by the growing power of Vietnam to the North. Read more at: whc.unesco.org/en/list/949.
BrieflyMadrassa Baitul Islam, a Deobandi Muslim seminary in Matli, Pakistan, is buying Hindu conversions. They keep meticulous logs, and, as of December 22, 2011, they had converted their 428th Hindu to Islam. A conversion can cost from a few thousand to fifty thousand rupees. A newly converted family receives Rs 5,000, a copy of the Koran, free housing for several months, ready access to medical care, national ID cards and land.
Hindu and Muslim priests in India are starting a campaign to add a new marriage vow to the ceremony: a promise never to indulge in the illegal practice of pre-natal sex determination. Over 308 pandits and maulvis have pledged their support in this campaign to save female children.
temple elephants in Tamil Nadu were given a 48-day vacation in December, 2011. Trucks fetched elephants from various temples and maths and took 45 weary pachyderms to a rejuvenation camp in the Mudumalai coastal forests for rest and a nourishing diet that included herbal medications and vitamins.
Hindus as Depicted in Textbooks
Excerpts From a Study Conducted by ICRD"Overall, Hindus are portrayed as enemies of Pakistan and Muslims in Urdu and Social and Pakistan Studies textbooks.
Social and Pakistan Studies textbooks express hatred towards India and Great Britain, but Hindus are often singled out as particularly inferior or evil.
"Hindus are repeatedly described as extremists and eternal enemies of Islam whose culture and society is based on injustice and cruelty, while Islam delivers a message of peace and brotherhood, concepts portrayed as alien to the Hindu. Thus, negative depictions of Hindus are manifested through both historical distortions and the framing of concepts through religious language that promotes the superiority of Islam over Hinduism, as in the following examples from textbooks:
"Before the Arab conquest the people were fed up with the teachings of Buddhists and Hindus.
"Islam's social equality and justice to all freed the caste ridden Hindu society and paved the way for spread of Islam. We know that low caste Hindus suffered due to the caste system. Hindus belonging to lower castes were tortured, insulted and disgraced.
"Hindu leadership has not only shown their religious hatred but also expressed their political hatred by opposing to celebrate their independence day on the same day.
"Hindus have tried all their means to harm Muslims of Indian sub-continent and killed millions of Muslims. They were deprived of their assets and properties."
Om Tat Sat
(My humble salutations to Sadguru Sri Sivaya Subramuniyaswami ji, Satguru Bodhianatha Velayanswami ji, Hinduism Today for the collection)
(The Blog is reverently for all the seekers of truth, lovers of wisdom and to share the Hindu Dharma with others on the spiritual path and also this is purely a non-commercial blog)